British Uniforms

1870-1890'S LEIB HUSSAR REGIMENT ONE SPENCER UNIFORM FOR A MAJOR

- OFFERED FOR SALE HERE IS A 1870-1890'S LEIB HUSSAR REGIMENT ONE 'SPENCER' UNIFORM FOR A MAJOR (STRAPS, COLLAR, SLEEVE DISTINCTIONS) WHO IS OBVIOUSLY (MEDAL LOOPS) A VETERAN OF 1866 & 1870 BATTLES AND OTHR AWARDS. IF ONE REVIEWS THE PRUSSIAN RANGLISTES EACH YEAR FROM 1871 TO 1890 THE TOTAL NUMBER OF LEIB HUSSAR REGT ONE MAJORS IS BUT 4-6 IN TOTAL MAKING THIS A VERY RARE UNIFORM ACQUISTION.

TO FURTHER RECOGNIZE THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THE LEIB HUSSAR SEE MILITARY ADVISOR ISSUE VOL. 14 #4 FALL 2003 "LEIBHUSSAREN-LH TO LEIBSTANDARTE ADOLF HITLER- LAH". P.O.R
COLLECTING THE RARE, UNIQUE & HISTORICALLY SIGNIFICANT

THE PRUSSIAN AND GERMAN (UNITED STATE) ARMIES OF 1871-1914 HAD THREE CLASSES OF OFFICERS; GENERAL OFFICERS, FIELD OFFICERS AND CAPTAINS/SUBALTERNS (LTN & OBLTN). REGIMENTS WERE LED BY THE LAST TWO GROUPS.

AN INFANTRY REGIMENT, OF 1800-2500 PERSONNEL, WAS COMMANDED BY A FULL COLONEL SUPPORTED BY 1-2 LT/COLONELS, 5-7 MAJORS, 12-16 CAPTAINS AND 25-35 LEUTNANTS.

A CAVALRY REGIMENT, OF 700-900 PERSONNEL, WAS COMMANDED BY A LT/COLONEL SUPPORTED BY ONE MAJOR, 5-7 RITTMEISTERS (A COURTESY TITLE ONLY USED IN THE CAVALRY FOR CAPTAINS- SINCE CAVALRY COMPANIES WERE TITLED AS SQUADRONS) AND 16-20 LEUTNANTS.

GERMAN CAVALRY CONSISTED OF KUIRASSIERS, UHLANS, DRAGOONS AND THE UNIQUELY UNIFORMED HUSSARS. IN THE FIRST THREE CAVALRY ORGANIZATIONS RANK DISIGNATION WAS IDENTIFIED SOLELY BY SHOULDER STRAPS AND EPAULETS HOWEVER, IN THE HUSSARS RANK DESIGNATION WAS IDENTIFIED IN ADDITION TO THREE DISTINCT COLLAR AND SLEEVE DESIGN FOR EACH OF THE EARLER MENTIONED CATEGORIES (SEE ENCLOSED ILLUSTRATION) THE HUNGARIAN, FRENCH, BRITISH, NAPOLEONIC, HUSSAR DOLMANS HAD NO SHOULDER STRAPS AND RANK DESIGNATION WAS FOUND ON THE SLEEVES AND COLLAR DESIGNS. THE PRUSSIANS ADDED SHOULDER STRAPS. THEREFORE, IT IS READILY RECOGNIZED THAT CAVALRY FIELD OFFICER UNIFORMS ARE EXTREMELY RARE AND HUSSARS IN PARTICULAR EVEN MORE. JUST LOOK AT THE NUMBERS; INFANTRY REGIMENTS 225-250, DRAGOON REGTS -26, KUIRASSIER REGTS -14, UHLAN REGTS -26, VERSUS 21 HUSSAR REGTS.

IN 1914 SEVENTEEN HUSSAR RGTS HAD ONE MAJOR WHILE LEIB HUSSAR REGT 1, H.R.4, H.R.9 AND THE KAISERS BODYGUARD HUSSAR REGT- L.G.H. HAD TWO MAJORS (THE COMING WAR?) SEE ENCLOSED EXAMPLE.

THE LEIB HUSSAR REGTS 1 & 2 WERE RARER STILL BECAUSE OF THEIR UNIQUE BLACK PARADE AND SERVICE UNIFORMS AND THE 4.5 X 3.5 INCH TOTENKOPF (DEATH'S HEAD) SKULL ON THEIR BUSBIES.

FOLLOWING THE PRUSSIAN "FREEDOM FIGHT" OF 1813-1815 THE FOUR BRANCHES OF PRUSSIAN CAVALRY WERE UNIFORMED IN THE FOLLOWING MANNER; CUIRASSIERS - KOLLET, UHLAN-KOLLET, DRAGOON-KOLLET AND HUSSAR- THE DOLMAN. THE KOLLET WAS SHORT WAISTED IN THE FRONT WITH HANGING TAILS. THE PERIOD 1841/42 SAW DISTINCTIVE UNIFORM CHANGES FOR EACH CAVALRY BRANCH. THE DRAGOONS ADOPTED THE INFANTRY WAFFENROCK STYLE AS THEY WERE ALWAYS CONSIDERED MOUNTED INFANTRY. THE CUIRASSIERS ADOPTED THE LONGER SKIRT KOLLAR IN 1842 WHILE THE HUSSARS ADOPTED THE "SPENCER" IN 1841. THE INTERIM ATTILA WAS ALSO ADOPTED IN 1841 IN CONJUNCTION WITH THE SPENCER. THE SPENCER WAS INTENDED TO REMAIN THE PARADE DRESS WITH ITS IDENTIFYING RANK INSIGNIA ON THE COLLAR AND SLEEVES IN CONJUNCTION WITH THE SHOULDER STRAPS JUST LIKE THE DOLMAN. HOWEVER, THE INTERIM ATTILA , NOW INTRODUCED FOR SERVICE WEAR, WAS DEVOID OF SLEEVE AND COLLAR RANK DISTINCTIONS WHILE ADDING A LONGER SKIRT HAVING FRONT POCKETS. GRADUALLY THE ATTILA ACQUIRED COLLAR AND DISTINCTIONS ALONG WITH PARADE WEAR HEAVIER BULLION LACE, THUS SUPPLANTING THE "SPENCER". ENLISTED MEN RECEIVED THEIR SPENCER IN 1853. THE UHLANS TOOK LONGER TO UPDATE THEIR UNIFORM LOOK FOR OFFICERS AND ENLISTED MEN BUT ADOPTED THE ULANKA FOR EVERYONE IN 1853. $5600.00

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